Myanmar In The Past

The Republic of the Union of Myanmar has an old name, Burma. Burma has an area of 261,789 square miles where the mighty India lies on the west. Bamar is the Burmese word which gave the name, Burma.

Long ago, large parts of Burma consist of almost impassable mountains and jungle barriers.

Receiving about 5,000mm rain annually, there are rich agricultural lands which can produce wonderful crops of rice. Several million tons of this important food are shipped abroad each year from Rangoon.

The mountain chains serve three Burma's river and they are Irrawaddy river, Sittaung river and Salween river. Burmese life centers in the valleys of these three main rivers. The Irrawaddy delta is important to Burma as a rice country and beside rice, Burma is also rich in minerals, such as tungsten, nickel, tin and silver. Burma precious stones range from rubies and sapphires to jade and lapis lazuli.

More than five-sixths of the Burmese are believers in Buddhism; and beautiful Buddhist pagodas are found widely scattered through the populated areas. In the past, say some five decades ago, the country had a population of about 20,000,000 people. Way much earlier, the entire country became a province of British India in 1886.

From north to south, Burma extends for a distance of 1,200 miles. The mountains stem from the Himalayas and in the far north arise to almost 20,000 feet. All the rivers flow south.
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